101 Ways to Find a Job – Way #5 Informational Interviews

5-informational-interview

It doesn’t matter if you’re just starting out in your career, mid-career, or late career, informational interviews are a great way to network to locate your next job. So what exactly is an informational interview?  Exactly what it sounds like. You’re talking to professionals either doing the job you want, in the industry you want to be in, or a hiring manager who employs the type of individuals with the same skills you have.

The main reason to conduct an informational interview is to network and find a job. Only, instead of coming out and asking for a job you’re asking for information that hopefully will lead to a job.

The topic of conversation will depend upon who you’re speaking with.

Determine who to speak with.

If you’re just starting out in your career you should focus on speaking with a mid level hiring manager.  Mid level managers will most likely be the decision maker on a position that you would qualify for. You might also consider speaking with a senior level professional who isn’t a manager.  A professional at a senior level could possible act in a team lead capacity and could recommend you for a job.

If you are mid career then it’s acceptable to speak with a senior manager or a director as these are the individuals you might report to.  If late in your career you can target a senior manager if you’re searching for a management role.  If you’re an individual contributor, target a mid level manager.  At this point you want to speak directly to a hiring manager.

 

Topics to cover when starting out in a career.

If you’re just starting out in your career your focus for the conversation should be related to how you can show a hiring manager that you’re ready to get to work.

Following are some questions to ask:

-What types of skills do you look for when interviewing individuals who are just starting out in their career?

-What does it take for someone to be successful when starting out in their career?

-What type of work does someone with my skills start out doing?

-What would be your guidance for progressing in the field?

-What trends in the industry would affect someone just starting out in the field?

-What challenges do you see for someone starting out in their career?

-What type of training would someone need to progress in their career?

-What is the career path at your company for someone just starting out in their career?  How long does it take to progress to each level?

-How did you get to where you are?

-Ask them if they would review your resume to see if they have any recommendations on how to improve it.

-It’s also acceptable to ask if they know of any jobs in their company.  You can also inquire if they know of any jobs at other companies in that industry.

-Inquire if there is anyone else you should speak to in their company.

-Inquire if there is anyone else in the industry you could speak to.

 

Topics to cover mid-career.

If you’re mid-career your focus on the conversation should be regarding the industry, the specific company, and the manager’s personal job.

Following are some questions to ask:

-What are your job responsibilities?

-What’s a typical day like?

-What challenges do you have in your career?

-What type of professionals report to you?

-Do you perceive any holes in skills in your department?

-Why did you decide to work for the company?

-What challenges do you see for the industry?

-How is your company ready to match the challenges?

-How much flexibility do you have in making decisions?

-What do you like best about your job?

-What do you like best about the company?

-What do you like best about the industry?

-What is the background of an individual who would be most successful in their department?

-Ask if you can describe your skills. (Note: make sure that your 30 second elevator speech covers some of the topics already discussed.)

-Inquire if there are any jobs for someone with your skills?

-Ask if they know of anyone else you should be speaking with regarding possible jobs?

Before you leave, ask if you can give them a copy of your resume.  Let them know they have permission to forward your resume on to their network if they feel comfortable doing so.

 

Topics to cover for late career.

Here you want to focus on the industry, the person’s success in the industry, and the skills needed to help move the industry forward.

Following are some questions to ask:

-What made you go into this industry?

-What do you see the industry doing right?

-What challenges do you see for the industry?

-What do you see the future to be for the industry?

-What skills to you see being needed in the industry?

-What leadership skills do you see needed in the industry?

-What makes you successful in this industry?

-What holes in talents are you missing?

-What skills does your company value?

-What’s the culture like in the company?

-Do you see future career opportunities in you company?

-Inquire if you can tell them about your skills.  (Note: your 30 second elevator speech should cover how your skills match what they have described.)

-Inquire if there are any other individuals you should be talking to in their company?

-Inquire if they could send your resume to their network?

 

You may not be comfortable asking them to forward your resume to their network; however, keep in mind you’re looking for a job.  Remember, the person can say no if they’re not comfortable.  But they could say yes.

 

High school and college students

Another type of informational interview can be to help determine if a particular job or industry is for you. These types of interviews are great for high school junior and seniors as well as college freshman.  By talking with individuals doing the job you think you want to do could help you prevent wasting time if you find out that you may have picked the wrong career.

Following are some questions to ask related to career/industry:

-What types of jobs are available in this career field?

-What is the employment outlook in this field?

-What would be a career path for someone in this career field?

-Is the field growing?

-How does the economy effect the career fair?

-Is there a lot of overtime in the career field?

-What do entry level jobs look like?

-What type of salary is available for entry level jobs?

-What’s the best thing you like about this career field?

-What kind of challenges face this career field?

-Are there jobs available for entry level professionals in this field?

-What types of skills do you see a person needing to be successful in this field?

-What is the best piece of advice you can give to someone just entering the profession?

-What kind of problems do you deal with?

-What makes your job difficult?

-Who do you interact with in your job?

-Do you like what you do? Why?

-What are some of the major projects you’re working on?

-What college courses do you see being the most beneficial?

-Are there any colleges you would recommend?

 

How to find people to talk to.

You can use LinkedIn to research professionals to speak to and to connect with them. Then, you can either send them a note through LinkedIn, or call the company and request to speak with them.  Be sure to let them know that you are requesting an informational interview in order to research the industry for job opportunities. If you’re just starting out, or researching the career field for the first time, let the person know that you’re trying to decide if that particular career is for you.

If you’re in college talk to your career center to see if they can help you make contact with the right person.  If you’re in high school, your career counselor can help you.

Finally, be sure to collect the contact information for any of the individuals you speak with.  As you progress in your career these individuals will become part of your network.

 

 

101 Ways to Find a Job – Way #4 Career Fairs

 

4-career-fairs

There’s always a lot of discussion among job seekers and employers whether attending a career fair is worth it. Job seekers wonder if they can find a job, while employers wonder if they will find the talent. Having attended hundreds of career fairs during the 20 years I’ve been in recruiting, I still believe that career fairs provide job seekers with the ability to find a job. On a number of occasions I’ve hired professionals after meeting them at a career fair. As a recruiting manager, I established a goal of hiring at least one person from every career fair in order to justify attending.  I know that other recruiting departments have adopted the same goal. So companies are looking for you at career fairs. With  hundreds of career fairs though, how do you figure out which one(s) to attend. Not all of them are worth your time.

Follwoing are some tips on how to determine whether a career fair is right for you. 

  1. Some career fairs will specifically advertise the types of professionals who should attend.  If you don’t see your profession listed, you’re better off spending your time targeting another method of getting a job.
  2. If there isn’t a mention of the types of professionals being targeted, call the company putting on the career fair to find out. Career fairs can take anywhere from a few hours to all day depending on how many employers are in attendance. The last thing you want to do is waste an entire day of your job search being unproductive.
  3. Look at the list of companies attending to get an idea if any of them are on your target list.  If so, it’s your chance to get in front of a recruiter and drop your resume off. Be prepared because some companies may not accept your resume if your profession is outside what they are focusing on at the career fair. In this case have your elevator speech ready (see below.)
  4. Reviewing the list of companies will tell you the type of industry a career fair might be targeting.  For example, there are career fairs focused on the service industry, food, high-tech, etc.  Knowing if the companies attending are from an industry you’re not interested will allow you to focus your efforts elsewhere.
  5. Try and determine how many hires are made from the career fair.  A lot of the companies that put on career fairs will track hires as part of their statistics. The greater the number of hires, the better chance you might be able to find a job.  Don’t be fooled though if a career fair markets that 500 people attended the previous year and think that means it’s popular.  It might be that 400 people should have done better research.  The number of hires provides you with more information to decide if the career fair is worth your time.

If you’ve ever attended a career fair you know they can be a crazy time.  Sometimes there might be a hundred or more companies attending.  For the recruiters who are working the tables, you become a faceless, breathing, being. Sorry, but it’s true. Companies can collect hundreds of resumes, especially from some of the large national career fairs like Society of Women Engineers, Society of Black Engineers, etc.

If you do decide to attend, here are some ways to ensure that your time is being well spent and you make an impression on the recruiter so they will remember you later.

  1. Review the list of companies ahead of time and their open positions.  If there is a specific position you want to apply to, print off the posting from the company’s website and hand it, along with a resume to a recruiter.  Later, when the recruiters are sifting through the piles of resumes collected, they’ll be able to associate your resume to a particular position and perhaps your resume will rise to the top.
  2. Prepare a 30 second elevator pitch.  Anymore than that and the recruiter won’t hear you. Keep in mind a recruiter is there to collect resumes.  So they can’t spend ten minutes talking with every candidate.  That is especially true if they work at one of the companies that everyone wants to speak with, i.e. Google. Do research into the types of positions a company hires AND the skills they are looking for. In thirty seconds cover the job title of a position you would be interested in, your skills, and if you have one major accomplishment that is directly related to the job or to what that company does.  This is the type of pitch that normally got my attention and got someone a job.
  3. If the career fair is large where 50+ companies are attending, develop a strategy of how best to use your time.  Make a list of the top ten companies you want to visit AND speak to.  Just going to every booth and dropping off your resume isn’t productive.  You want to speak to a recruiter.  With the larger career fairs you won’t be able to speak to every recruiter, that’s why you need a list.
  4. Do your homework and know something about the company you’re going to speak with.  I can’t tell you how many times I would ask someone what they knew about the company I was representing and I was amazed when someone would say ‘I don’t know much’.  Here’s a hint, if you say that – you’re resume is going into file 13. Companies want to hire individuals who are interested in working for them and who have done their homework.
  5. Speak!  So often job seekers would walk up to my booth and do everything thing could not to make eye contact with me.  Here’s a hint.  You’re at the career fair to get a job.  It’s best to talk to people while you’re there.

Following are places to look for career fairs to attend.

  1. Military Career Fairs – if you’re a veteran, first, thank you for your service, second, there are numerous career fairs that cater to veterans. If you’re just getting out of the military check with your transition office for information they might have related to career fairs. Many companies will go on base to recruit. There are always local job fairs that are held  specifically for veterans.  Check with the local veteran’s office for a listing of career fairs.  There are many larger career fairs held in various parts of the country that are specific to veterans as well.  Consider traveling to one of these fairs. Following are some of the more popular career fairs that represent veterans:

TAOnline.com

VetJobs.com

Recruit Military

Military Officers Association

Orion International

2. National Conventions – There are a number of industries that hold national conventions each year.  Many of the conventions will hold a career fair in conjunction with the convention.  If they don’t have a career fair, the convention will have an area where vendors are allowed to have a booth.  While not specifically marketed as a career fair, it’s another chance for you to get in front of a company representative.

3. Annual Professional Association Meetings – Some of the larger professional associations hold annual meetings.  Most will also host a career fair for a couple of days during the annual meeting.  If you’re a member of an association that holds an annual meeting, (and you should be a member), definitely attend the career fair.

4. Here’s a list of some of the larger career fairs held each year:

National Career Fairs

The United States Job Fair Directory

SalesTrax

TechExpoUSA

Virtual Career Fairs

Basically a virtual career fair is one that connects job seekers and employers on-line. Job seekers sign in to the hosted site and browse the companies who are participating. You’re able to upload your resume which becomes available to all the recruiters.  So this is a plus over walk-in career fairs where you may not have the opportunity to visit every company.  Then, in a virtual career fair there are chat rooms that allow you to communicate with the recruiters on-line. Be ready with your elevator pitch and just like the other career fairs do your homework ahead of time regarding what the company does and the types of professionals they look for.

Finally, one of the other advantages of attending a career fair is to add more people to your network.  Try and collect business cards as you visit with recruiters or hiring managers and add them to your Job Search Spreadsheet. Be sure to follow-up with anyone who expressed interest in your background within a day of attending the career fair while the recruiters might still remember who you are.

So the next time you’re searching for a job don’t forget about attending a career fair.  They’re still a useful tool in getting a job.

101 Ways to Find a Job – Way #3 Family, Friends, Co-Workers, etc.

3-who-you-know

When professionals are looking for a job they often overlook one of the best resources that’s right under their nose – all the people they already know. What? You don’t know anyone, you say?

You would be surprised at the number of people you know and should make aware that you’re looking for your next job.

Know any of the following people?

  1. Family – this not only includes your immediate family, but also don’t forget about your aunts, uncles, cousins, second cousins, etc.
  2. Friends
  3. Current and past co-workers
  4. Current and past supervisors
  5. Customers that you’ve sold to
  6. Classmates
  7. Teachers/Professors
  8. Professionals that you’ve interviewed with in the past (yes, you should keep names of everyone you interview with)
  9. Pastor
  10. Your spouse
  11. Your landlord
  12. Business associates
  13. Sales professionals who’ve contacted you in the past
  14. Your doctor
  15. Your dentist
  16. Mentors
  17. Coaches
  18. Your Accountant
  19. Frenemies – the people you think are your competition, believe it or not they will help you
  20. Social contacts

The thing is, all of these people have their own networks, who have their own networks, and so on.

I heard a story once about an executive who lost their job and was in the process of looking for a new one. When the career coach he was working with asked the executive how many people he had in his network, it turns out the executive had a network of over 2,000 people. When the career coach asked if the executive had made them aware he was looking, turns out the executive hadn’t thought to contact them.

The first thing you should do when you start looking for the next job is make a list of all the people you know.  Once your list is complete start contacting all of them directly and request their assistance.

Following are some examples of what you can say depending on the relationships.

To those individuals you know very well:

Hello!  

I wanted to touch base and let you know that I am looking for my next career opportunity. I am seeking employment with a company that could utilize a marketing manager who has been directly responsible for increasing revenues by 20%.  

Following are some additional facts regarding my experience:

  1. 5 years leading internet marketing campaigns that resulted in generating in excess of over a $1 million dollars in revenue
  2. 3 years of lead generation and content development that resulted in 15% growth in customer base
  3. 5 years with video marketing and scripting developing award winning sales campaigns

I would ask that you share my resume (attached) with your network along with my contact information. 

Note: Be clear about the type of job that you are looking for and instructions regarding what you would like for the contact to do.  In my job as a recruiter I’m always networking to find professionals and I can’t tell you how often when I’m networking with other professionals they don’t think about sending my contact information to their network until I ask them to.

To those individuals who are business associates:

If you’re not comfortable asking someone directly to send your resume to their network you can try a more subtle approach.

Hi _____,

I’ve been following your company and I’m glad to see that business is going well for you.  I wanted to inform you that I am currently seeking a Manufacturing Engineer position.  My current company recently downsized as a result of a downward trend in the market.  I wanted to inquire if you might know of anyone I could contact directly in order to network with.  I’ve spent the last 5 years in manufacturing medical devices. My experience includes writing test procedures, documenting designs, reverse engineering complex tools, and performing verification of test fixtures.  

I appreciate in any assistance you may be able to provide. 

Note: Here you want to mention the type of job that you’re searching for and a brief summary of your qualifications. By asking for a name of someone to contact, you’re giving the person the option to ask for your resume.  They may not want to take the time to pass your resume along but can provide you with a name and let you do the work.

If you don’t feel comfortable contacting your network at all because you’re embarrassed that you’re looking for a job – get over it.  For some reason we’ve created a stigma regarding the unemployed that there must be something wrong with them if they’re looking for a job.

With the pace at which companies are bought and sold today, along with the loss of manufacturing and design jobs to the overseas market, it’s perfectly acceptable that people will be unemployed a lot during their careers. Think of it this way, the more jobs individuals have the broader their knowledge base seeing how different companies operate versus staying at a company for twenty years and only seeing one way to do things.

Once you do land that next job, remember to pass it along.  If you get an email from a friend or business acquaintance seeking your assistance in finding a job be sure to help them.

We’re all in it together!

 

 

 

 

101 Ways to Find a Job – Way #2 Job Boards

2-job-boards

There are hundreds of job boards competing to get companies to post jobs.  So how do you ever search all of them to find a job?

Following are some tips to make your search a little easier when deciding on which job boards are right for you.

Tip #1 – Conduct a Google search for the title of the job

By conducting a search for the title of the job you’ll get an idea of the job boards companies are using to post that particular type of position. Then you’ll know which job boards to focus your time on searching.

Tip #2 – The top 5 Job Boards to Search

Indeed, Careerbuilder, and Monster are the 3 main job boards that companies still use today to post positions. It’s still worth you time to search these boards.  It can be expensive for small companies to post jobs on these boards. So if you’re targeting smaller companies these boards may not be the best way to conduct your search. A new job board, ZipRecruiter.com is gaining popularity because it allows companies to post jobs to hundreds of job boards at once. It’s a good idea to check ZipRecruiter for your next job, too. LinkedIn is another job board to search that’s used fairly frequently by all sizes of companies.

Tip #3 – US.Jobs

Companies that are doing business with the government almost always post their jobs on US.Jobs.  That’s because government contractors are required to have an affirmative action plan so when audited they can show their recruiting efforts are attracting diverse candidates as well.  US.Jobs helps companies comply with government regulations related to their affirmative action plan. This is definitely one of the job boards you should incorporate in your job search toolkit as well.

Tip #4 – USAJobs.gov

If you’re looking for a job working in the federal government you’ll need to search USAJobs.gov.  This is a completely different website from US.Jobs that’s primarily focused on jobs with government contractors.

Tip #5 – Professional Association Job Boards

There is a professional association for just about any profession and many of the associations host a job board. Conduct a Google search for a professional organization in your field and check to see if they have a job board.  You can also review the  List of Professional Associations with Job Boards that I’ve compiled.  These job boards can be expensive to post on so not every company will use them.  Still, they should be part of your toolkit when searching for a job.

Tip #6 – Dice.com

Dice is the one job board that’s known in the industry to post technical positions.  If you’re in a technical field you’ll definitely want to search Dice for jobs.

Tip #7 – Boolean Search

I’ve mentioned a number of job boards in this article to use when conducting your search.  You can search them individually or you can use the following Boolean search string to search for jobs on multiple sites at one time. (Note: the following search string searches Indeed, Monster, Careerbuilder, or LinkedIn for financial analysts jobs in Boulder.  You can make the changes to the string accordingly for job boards, title, and location.)

(site:indeed.com OR site:monster.com OR site:careerbuilder.com OR site:linkedin.com) (job OR jobs OR apply) -resume -cv -sample -description (“financial analyst”) (“boulder”)

Overall job boards can be one of the major resources in your toolkit when searching for your next job. But searching these boards can be a huge time drain too.  You might find yourself spending an entire day searching the different boards and end up only applying to maybe one or two jobs.  Employing some of the tips above will make your search more efficient and free up valuable time to use other tools for searching for a job like networking and attending professional association meetings.

 

LinkedIn – Using Groups to Find a Job

 

linkedin-groups

 

Here’s how to use LinkedIn Groups to find a job.

 

 

 

 

Change the drop down in the ‘Search’ box to groups.

one

If you know a specific group that you want to join type the group name in the search feature. Below I’ve searched for Society of Women Engineers.

two

The results below show the group for Society of Women Engineers.  Most groups have a conversation site and then a jobs site.  Click on the jobs site to see the jobs that have been posted by various companies. Recruiters use sites like these all the time to post jobs.

three

If you don’t know a specific group you can type in a profession, specific skill and specific location. Below I looked for groups in the field of Engineering. Notice there are over 2,000 groups.  You can narrow the search by putting a location.

four

You can also type in ‘Jobs’ and see all the groups related to jobs. You can narrow the search by location, profession or any other keyword.

five

So in addition to looking at the jobs posted on LinkedIn, be sure to search jobs posted in various groups.  To post jobs on LinkedIn costs money but it’s free to post jobs in the groups.  Many companies don’t pay to post.  Instead, they’ll post their jobs in different groups.

 

101 Ways to Find a Job – Way #1 Make a List

This is a new series I’m starting for my Monday posts. Each Monday I’ll add another way to find a job.

#1 Way to Find a Job – Make a List of What You Want

1-make-a-list

Before you begin searching for a job, make sure you have a good idea of the position you want. Before you start reviewing job boards, make a list of the following items:

Title of Positions 

Make a list of the different titles for positions you’re interested in.  Keep in mind that companies can call the same position  by different titles.  For example, some companies will call a Software Application Engineer by Software Engineer or Applications Engineer. Conducting a brief search of the job boards will give you an idea of the different titles.

Industry

Do you want to work in high-tech, services, government contracting?  Every industry has their own pros and cons.  Do some research to find out what industry is right for you based on your likes and dislikes.

Size of Company

Decide if you want to work for a start-up, mid-sized, or large company.  Your decision will most likely be based on the amount of autonomy you need.  Start-ups rarely have a lot of procedures where as large companies have a lot of procedures and it can sometimes take a long time to get a decision.

Location

Decide what your limits are related to your commute or relocation.

 

If you spend time listing this information before you start searching, you’ll find that your search will be more productive and will expedite your time to a new job. .

“I’ve Sent Out 1,000 Resumes and Still No Job”

 

1000-resumes

Recently I had a professional say this exact statement to me. If you can relate to this statement, I’m here to tell you that you should stop sending resumes out and diagnose the problem. No one should ever have to send out even hundreds of resumes when they’re looking for a job. Over my career, I don’t think I’ve ever had to send out more than 10 resumes before I had a job.

If you find yourself at a point where you’ve sent out 20 resumes and you haven’t been contacted or you haven’t received an offer, it’s time to take a step back from the job search and figure out what might be going wrong.

There are numerous roadblocks when you’re searching for a job. Following are some of the more common ones that can trip you up and what to do about them.

It All Starts With the Resume

I could jump on Indeed right now and for every one resume I found that was written well, I would have to look through at least a hundred resumes. I can’t stress enough that your resume is the ONLY document you have to sell yourself. If it is written poorly or reads like a novel you aren’t going to get a call.

If you want the next employer to know how great you are by putting every achievement you’ve ever accomplished during your employment history – think again! The recruiter sees your resume first. Most recruiters on average are responsible for anywhere from 30 – 40 positions. If each position has 100 resumes to review well, you do the math. Recruiters don’t have time to read each resume. Instead, they scan resumes looking for key words and phrases. If your resume is filled with lots of words and endless pages, the recruiter isn’t going to spend much time on your resume if they even look at it at all.

Following are some tips to keep in mind when building your resume:

  • Responsibilities: Under each job, list ONLY one or two sentences related to your primary responsibility at that job. (Note: you can go to Indeed and search resumes yourself. You’ll notice that most individuals only list their responsibilities. Here’s something you may not know, most recruiters and hiring managers know what your responsibilities are based on your job title. You’re not selling what you can do by only listing responsibilities on the resume.)
  • Achievements: Under each job, list FIVE achievements. Achievements are what sell you and set you apart from your competition. There should always be more achievements listed than responsibilities.
  • Don’t write a novel – Keep your resume to 3 pages at most. If you’ve been in your career for 2-5 years, you should only have a resume that is 2 pages long. If you write a novel, I can promise you, your resume isn’t going to get read. Here’s another tip, after you complete your resume look at it. If the only white space is the border around the perimeter, you’ve used too many words. Re-read every line and cut out filler words such as, ‘and’, ‘just’, ‘then’, ‘or’, ‘but’, etc.
  • Customize each resume – No longer is it acceptable that you have only a single resume, unless you’ve recently graduated and you’re looking for your first job. Instead, you’ll need to customize each resume to the responsibilities of the job you’re applying to. I can’t tell you how many times I read resumes with skills listed that don’t have anything to do with the job I’m recruiting for.
  • Customize the cover letter – If you know you’re going to have to relocate, if you know you have gaps in your employment, if you’ve have multiple jobs, all of these issues need to be explained when you apply. Don’t think that the recruiter will overlook them. Recruiters are trained to pick up on these issues. Address relocation and gaps in the employment in your cover letter. If you have multiple jobs, include a ‘reason for leaving’ after each job.

Are You Really Qualified For the Jobs You’re Applying To?

If after reading the job description you think to yourself ‘I may not be qualified but I know I can do the job,’ don’t apply. Reason being the recruiter is only looking at resumes that have the skills required for the job. What you’re doing it setting yourself up for feeling bad when no one contacts you. I’m not saying that you can’t get a job like this, but the way to do it is through networking, not by applying blindly to a job.

Are You Only Sending Resumes Out?

There’s a strategy when looking for a job that includes sending resumes out but that shouldn’t be the only thing you do. In addition to sending resumes out, you need to make sure that you’re searching for jobs in the same places recruiters are searching for you.

Following are other ways you need to employ when searching for a job in addition to sending your resume out:

  • There is a professional association for just about any job there is. Join one and start networking because that’s where recruiters are looking for you.
  • Make sure that your LinkedIn account reflects your skills and that you are looking for a job.
  • Send an email out to your network of friends and family and ask them to share with their networks.

In his book, Winning Job Interviews, Dr. Paul Powers, a management psychologist, provides a list of 12 psychological stumbling blocks related to getting a job. They are:

1. Lack of having a clear, realistic goal

Dr. Powers suggests that if you can’t describe the job you want in one/two sentences you shouldn’t be looking for a job. Before sending out endless resumes to jobs you think you might want, you need to first have a clear direction or you’re going to be spinning your wheels.

2. No control over the timing of the job search

If you’re job search was a forced search and wasn’t planned, you’ll need to first deal with any negative emotions surrounding your unemployment. If you don’t, you’re going to have a difficult time finding the next job.

3. You want to excel at a process that few are good at

Dr. Powers found that most people when searching for a job want to excel at it believing if they don’t find a job relatively quickly, they could damage their career. Recently, I was helping an individual who had flow charted the entire job search process as he saw it. It was a detailed plan with many steps. What I found is that this individual was caught up in the ‘process’ of finding a job which was stifling him from actually searching for the job. I’ve found this to be true with other professionals as well. If this speaks to you, Dr. Powers suggests finding a local support group to help you overcome needing to ‘excel’ at a process that really no one should be considered a ‘professional’ at, except for maybe a career coach or counselor.

4. No one likes rejection

As Dr. Powers describes, looking for a job is nothing but a series of rejections with good news thrown in occasionally. He states that just because you’re getting rejected, you aren’t doing something wrong. In fact, you’re actually on the right track. What I’ll add here is that if you are receiving rejection after refection take a step back and follow my guidance early in the article to make sure that there may not be a problem.

5. It’s unpredictable

Searching for a job is truly an unpredictable process with one exception. If you work hard at it, you’ll be rewarded in the end with a job.

6. It lacks structure

Ask 10 people how they found their job and you’ll find 10 different answers. There is little structure in finding a job and everyone has a different story to tell. Where you search for a job, how you search for the job and the time spent searching is uniquely up to you. For some individuals the lack of structure can be a big roadblock. That’s why I recommend the 3/50 Plan when looking for a job to help provide some structure to the process.

7. It requires asking for help

Most of us have a hard time asking for help. But when you’re looking for a job, research indicates that networking is one of the fastest ways to find your next job. Sometimes that’s hard for people do because they feel for whatever reason they are ‘less than’ because they are unemployed. Dr. Power’s recommends that by putting your pride in your pocket and reaching out of your comfort zone to network you’ll find a paycheck faster.

8. It requires blowing your own horn

Many people also have a hard time boasting about their accomplishments because we were taught that it’s impolite to talk about ourselves. When searching for a job, Dr. Powell suggests that if you don’t sell yourself, you’ll have a hard time getting hired. Without you sharing your accomplishments, no one will know what skills you bring to the table.

9. It’s lonely and isolating

Searching for a job is solely up to you. This is isn’t a team sport. And the loneliness can be made worse if your spouse is employed. When they leave for work, the house becomes empty and quiet. That’s why it’s important to join a support group of other individuals who are seeking employment, too. Dr. Power emphasizes that you need to know you’re not alone.

10. Self-doubt and your weak spot

Whether it’s your skills, your appearance, or your education, Dr. Powell suggests we all have a weak spot. It’s important to know yours and how to handle it during your job search.

11. Baggage

Dr. Powell defines baggage as the ‘unresolved negative emotions you have collected during your life.’ This baggage can also influence your ability to look for a job. Patterns that replay themselves could be a sign of baggage. As you search for a job, recognize your baggage so it doesn’t become a roadblock to getting your next job.

12. Entitlement

Dr. Power suggests that no matter what type of superior background you feel you have, or your credentials you’ve earned, no one is going to come knocking on your door with a career opportunity just because you feel that you are entitled to it.

So the next time you find yourself in a situation where you’ve been searching for a job for months and sending out an endless number of resumes without any success, take a step back and see if any of these roadblocks might pertain to your situation. Sometimes it’s as simple as tweaking your resume. Other times you might need to diagnose deeper psychological issues that could be preventing you from getting the job.